Where to Specify Different Door Surface Types

Whether an interior door works in a project has everything to do with its surface type. Changing the surface material can actually change the look and function of a wood door. Here, we will take a look at various surface types for doors and discuss which ones work best in various commercial projects.

Popular Types of Wood Door Surfaces

Hardwood Veneers

Nothing can substitute for the beauty and warmth of natural wood. The right stain can take any wood species, from birch to mahogany, to just the right shade for your design. For painted doors, paint-grade poplar makes a great choice. Generally, hardwoods are more dense and therefore resist scratching and denting more than softwoods.

aspiro wood veneer illustration

Softwood Veneers

By custom request, Masonite Architectural can provide softwood veneers such as fir. Both hardwood and softwood work well for stile and rail doors.

Reconstituted Veneer

This human-made wood veneer can be created to mimic colors and grain patterns of natural wood, but give a more uniform look. Depending on what wood species you want it to look like, a reconstituted veneer might offer a more budget-friendly alternative.

High-Density Fiberboard

High-density fiberboard (HDF) makes for a durable option for interior doors, offering a dense, paintable surface.

Medium-density Fiberboard (MDF)

This door surface contains glued wood fibers, which are denser than customary particleboard. The smooth surface makes MDF perfect for painting. It can even be router-carved for a completely custom look.

Medium-density Overlay (MDO)

Medium-density overlay (MDO) gives premium adhesion for factory-applied paints. At Masonite Architectural, MDO is exclusive to our AspiroTM Series premium painted doors.

Molded Panel

This smooth hardboard is available in a variety of familiar design choices featuring deep embossments and simple, pleasing lines.

High Impact Door Surfaces

High-impact surfaces are specifically engineered to withstand intense use. Combine them with impact edges to prolong the life of a door.

HPDL Surfaces

Decorative laminates are made from kraft paper and resin pressed together. A laminate surface is highly customizable and works with just about any type of door core. High pressure decorative laminates (HDPL) provide an extremely durable surface, great for high-traffic areas.

LPDL Surfaces

Low-pressure decorative laminates (LPDL) are made from similar materials to HPDL but attached to the substrate using lower pressure and higher temperatures. The result is a budget-friendly door with a quick turn-around time, best used in lower traffic areas.

Best Door Surface Types for Different Projects

Hospitality Projects

Hospitality design projects run the gamut in terms of budget and size, so you have to approach each one individually. What they have in common, however, is their quest for a peaceful, home-away-from-home environment. Premium painted MDO work well for hotel guest rooms, while select wood veneers offer a high-fashion look for bars and banquet rooms.

Another great choice, unique to Masonite Architectural, is our West End surface. It complements contemporary and modern styles with smooth, hardboard surface doors with distinct embossments.

hotel room with open door

Healthcare Facilities

When specifying doors for healthcare projects, we usually think first about core type — STC-rating, fire rating or lead-lined — but the door surface contributes significantly to performance. High-impact or HPDL surfaces protect doors against heavy traffic and potential damage from hospital equipment. They’re also easy to clean and disinfect, especially when paired with a top & bottom clean edge. A wood veneer or choice laminate makes a strong impression for lower-traffic spaces like administrative offices and hospital staff conference rooms.

Schools and Classrooms

Durability is the name of the game for education design projects. Paintable MDO or choice laminates can work in tandem with all of your school door performance requirements, like fire-rating and STC-rating. The growing interest in school safety and attack resistant openings has generated a full line of these products; specify the doors in laminates, impact surfaces or wood veneers. Custom laminates also make a fun addition to classrooms, allowing the doors to be printed with school colors or mascots.

Office Projects

Office projects often prioritize function over form, but that doesn’t mean you can’t find the ideal interior door surface. Wood veneers make a strong impression, especially with stile and rail doors. When budget is a bigger concern, painted MDF stile and rail doors make a good alternative. Impact and HPDL surfaces are a great idea for areas where equipment might bang into doors, like mailrooms or storage areas.

How Door Designs Influence Wood Surface Decisions

Your decision about types of door surfaces may also hinge on whether you want stile and rail doors versus flush wood doors, and whether you prefer painted or stained doors. Not every surface type is available for every Masonite Architectural door, so your best bet is to speak to your rep to choose the best option for your project.

While both functionality and design factors are crucial to a successful project, surface type makes a big difference to both. Performance factors need not stifle your creative vision or your client’s taste.

Painted vs. Stained Wood Doors by Project Type

One of the advantages of designing with wood interior doors for a commercial project is their versatility. Different combinations of wood species, finish, stain and paint colors make for almost limitless options. Paint and stain each offer their own advantages and limitations when specifying wood doors. Depending on whether you’re designing a hotel, school, healthcare facility or office, knowing what separates painted wood doors and stained doors can help you select the best option for your project .

6 Factors that Influence the Choice of Painted or Stained Wood Doors

Both factory applied stain and paint provide a high-quality finish that can complement a wide range of styles. Each has its advantages, much of which depends on the type of project you’re designing and your overall goals. These are some factors to consider when comparing painted or stained wood doors.

1. Cost

Stained wood door products typically cost more than painted wood products, as applying stain evenly and correctly takes great skill. The investment can pay off though, in terms of beauty and long life.

2. Durability

Painted wood has the potential for chipping and scratching, although the door surface type makes a big difference. Additions like impact edges can also help a door last longer.

3. Color

Paint naturally allows a much wider range of colors, and a more predictable color outcome. With stain, the end result varies by the species and wood cut, as well as how it’s applied. Factory stain application lends to better consistency across all doors for a project.

4. Trendy vs. Timeless

Interior design color trends come and go, so your client might end up wanting to update painted doors in the future. Stain often provides a more timeless look, especially with the classic beauty of stile and rail doors.

5. Style

Stained wood doors can contribute to a warmer look, from rustic to sophisticated. Clear stain gives the most natural look which works well, for example, with Scandinavian design styles. On the other hand, painted doors can create a more contemporary look and contribute to a mood, from soothing to playful and anything in between.

6. Door Surface Type

Some door surfaces take stain or paint better than others. You may want to decide on a surface type first, depending on needs for durability and core type.

These factors will help you make smart and stylish design choices, best matched for the functionality of the environment.

modern office building lobby

Choosing Stained and Painted Doors By Project Type

Hospitality

Painted doors are often preferred for hospitality projects. They tend to be economical, durable, and meet any hotel chain’s brand standards. However, wood veneers give you the warmth of wood along with design versatility.

We recommend the Aspiro select wood veneer for lobbies and reception areas and painted MDO doors for guest rooms. Take a look at our guide to Complete Hospitality Door Solutions for a full range of ideas for your next hotel project.

Education

Durability is the name of the game when designing schools and universities. For the highest traffic areas like auditoriums and stairwells, paintable MDO makes a great canvas for school spirit colors. MDO gives premium adhesion for factory-applied paints. Another popular choice for schools, attack-resistant door openings can be specified with painted, laminate or wood veneer surfaces.

Healthcare

High impact surfaces and edges, along with clean edges, meet many of the needs of healthcare facility doors. High impact Aspiro series doors work well in many areas and pair with radiation cores, STC-rated cores and other performance options. Stained Aspiro authentic stile and rail doors make a great impression for lobbies and offices.

Office

Office design styles vary tremendously from hip, creative workplaces to staid and serious professional services offices. Whether you want painted interior doors or stained ones, you are sure to find an option that fits your vision. MDF or MDO surfaces might be best if you have the perfect paint color in mind, while a hardwood or softwood surface can provide a great stainable surface.

Masonite Architectural Has You Covered for Factory Finished Doors

Every space calls for its own solution, meaning there isn’t a wrong or right way to decide between stained and painted doors except to fulfill the requirements of each project completely. However, there are many differences between these styles of doors, and many factors that play a role in selecting the right doors for your desired space. Masonite Architectural offers an expansive catalog of factory painted and factory stained wood doors that provide a consistent, high-quality result for any project type.

We offer a variety of colors and finishes, including seven standard paint colors, 12 stain colors (availability varies by wood species and door series), and custom color matching. Our finishes are also UV resistant and made from environmentally sensitive water based polyurethane.

Ordering paint or stain samples can be a big help by letting you see how a finish looks in natural light and in combination with your other design elements. Request your wood door samples today.

Complete Guide to Door Core Types

As someone in the field of architecture and design, when you look at a door, you know there’s a lot more to it than what’s on the surface. It can look beautiful and stylish, but the door core determines much about its functionality and durability. This guide will break down the different types of cores for interior wood doors and where to specify each one.

Hollow Core Wood Doors

Hollow core doors are not completely hollow, but rather house a cardboard honeycomb inside. Hollow cores are lightweight and easy to transport and install. They can be less susceptible to expansion and contraction than a solid wood door, but that is where the advantage ends. Hollow doors typically get damaged more easily and are harder to repair when they do. They provide little in the way of insulation and cannot be rated for fire or acoustics.

They are most often selected for interior applications in the multi-family and hospitality markets. They might work well in out-of-the-way locations of hotels or offices, like lesser-used storage rooms. Masonite Architectural offers the Cendura series with hollow cores.

Cendura Wood Veneer Surface Hollow Core Stile and Rail Door Section

Structural Composite Lumber Cores

For heavier use and longer life, structural composite lumber (SCL) is often a viable option. SCL offers a durable, extra heavy-duty rated core made from strands of wood bound with resin. SCL cores include fire ratings to 20 minutes.

An SCL door core works well for an interior door that needs to make a strong visual impression and last a long time, but without the need to provide high-level performance. Explore the SCL core in our Aspiro stile and rail doors, which make great statement doors. SCL is also widely available for flush doors.

Vics remodeled dining room with Masonite Architectural stile and rail doors in the background.

Particleboard Cores

Particleboard is made from ground wood chips bonded with adhesive. Particleboard door cores work for many applications. While it increases the weight of the doors, it also increases durability.

Typical particleboard cores are lower density and great for flush wood doors. They can be specified with a 20-minute fire rating, so can work well for offices. For more versatility, an extra heavy-duty (EHD) particleboard core offers 45-minute fire ratings, for just about any place where you need a fire-rated door. Their higher density makes them well suited for heavier surface-mounted hardware as well. You can specify particleboard or EHD in many of Masonite Architectural’s interior wood doors.

MDF Cores

For a door core that is even denser than particleboard, opt for medium-density fiberboard (MDF). Its glued wood fibers make it suitable for a broad selection of applications. Masonite Architectural uses it for Cendura stile and rail doors, a budget-friendly choice with a classic to modern look and seven standard paint colors. An MDF surface helps ensure smooth paint application.

Hotel room with MDF Square Groove doors.

Agrifiber

For an environmentally friendly choice, just about anywhere you need to specify flush wood doors, agrifiber makes a good option. Made from rapidly renewable plant cellulose, agrifiber is more sustainable than wood and meets LEED standards. It also lacks the bonding agents found in particleboard, so it plays a role in improving indoor air quality. Agrifiber door cores comply with WDMA standards and extra heavy duty performance requirements. They can still meet fire-ratings up to 45 minutes. Agrifiber cores are available in Masonite Architectural’s custom flush wood doors.

Fire-Rated Cores or Mineral Cores

Fire-rated cores, also referred to as mineral cores are made from non-combustible materials such as minerals and fiberglass to slow the spread of fire and smoke from one part of a building to another.

Fire-rated doors are required for key areas in schools, hotels, and most other public spaces. They can be specified for 20, 45, or 90 minutes. Even with glass lites, many wood doors styles can be specified with a 20-minute fire rating.

In 2019, Underwriters Laboratories—a third party research and testing company—honored Masonite Architectural with its Dedication to Safety award, in recognition of wood door fire safety.

cross section of fire rated door

Door Cores for Performance Needs

Interior wood door cores can be specified to meet a variety of other requirements, like STC-rated doors to reduce sound transfer, lead lined doors to provide a radiation shield, or attack-resistant doors, which use an EHD or SCL core for added strength.

When you’re ready to find the perfect doors, with the combination of the surface type and core type to meet your project’s demands, reach out to your Masonite Architectural rep or request samples.

Using Wood Stain Samples When Planning Your Projects

Architecture and design engage all of the senses. Your choices work together to create an immersive experience. For this reason, choosing architectural materials by only seeing them on a screen—in two dimensions and with colors limited by HTML code—can never give you a true sense of their aesthetic qualities. Wood stain samples of architectural doors give you a more realistic and tactile experience to aid you in making the best choices for your projects. Learn more about how to use wood stain samples to your advantage.

What are the Benefits of Ordering Door Stain Samples for Commercial Projects?

There are four main benefits you get when you order door stain samples from Masonite Architectural.

1. Can Preview the Stain Colors in Different Lighting

We all know how much impact lighting makes on the look and feel of a space. Different wood grains and stain colors for doors may look completely different in low light or bright light, and whether the light comes from above or head-on. Samples enable you to visualize the location of interior doors relative to a light source and see how the wood looks.

2. Can Compare Door Colors with Other Design Elements

Various wood species and cuts take stain in different ways, producing variations in color. Easily place wood door samples alongside samples of millwork, furniture and other design elements. This will ensure that your interior entryway choices will fit with and complement everything around them.

3. Helps Clients Envision Their Finished Spaces

A key part of an architect or designer’s job is to enable their client to image the finished space. Showing them wood stain samples in person allows you to do that. They can see and appreciate the quality of the wood, accurately assess the color and texture, and picture the doors in their office, school or other location.

Keep Samples Handy for Quick Reference

When you embark on a project, you have numerous elements and vendor interactions to manage. You can save time by ordering a range of wood door samples so that you have them on hand when you need them.

Why Choose Factory Stained Doors?

Having all of your wood interior doors factory stained helps ensure consistency across your project. The controlled climate of the factory minimizes contact with dust. Doors get adequate drying and curing time in favorable temperatures and humidity. Factory staining also helps with maintaining project timelines, since contractors can install the doors immediately after delivery. If you want a more consistent, efficient and reliable finish in less time, factory-stained wood doors are the solution.

What Stain Colors are Available for Masonite Architectural Doors?

Masonite Architectural offers more than a dozen colors for Cendura Series stained doors; these are also available for Aspiro Series doors. Stain colors range from a clear finish that showcases the natural beauty of the wood, to a deep stout that works with a wide range of design styles. You can request individual 8”x10” samples of specific species-color combinations, or you can select a box of all stain colors in a particular species, in 2”x4” size.

Wood Species Options for All Doors

  • Plain sliced red oak
  • Plain sliced white oak
  • Plain sliced white maple
  • Rotary white birch
  • Plain sliced white birch
  • Rotary natural birch
  • Plain sliced cherry

plain sliced white birch wood with clear factory finished stain
rotary natural birch wood with cinnamon stain

Stain Color Options for Aspiro and Cendura Series Doors

  • Clear
  • Espresso
  • Cinnamon
  • Stout
  • Caramel
  • Honey
  • Cane
  • Nutmeg
  • Toast Bourbon
  • Saffron
  • Rolled Oats
  • Cocoa Bean

plain sliced red oak wood door with toast stain

How to Order Stain Samples from Masonite Architectural

Wood stain samples will guide you toward the best decisions the next time you specify interior wood doors for a hospitality, retail, office or education project. Masonite Architectural would be happy to supply your file of samples. Just fill out a quick sample ordering form, and you should have your samples within one to five business days. Order what you need to plan a current project or prepare for future projects. If you are keeping our veneer samples for reference, please keep them in their original packaging and boxes.  You should store them in a dark closet or cabinet to avoid discoloration from UV and other light sources.  This will ensure that your samples stay in the appropriate color for future reference.

High vs. Low-Pressure Decorative Laminate Doors

Many architects and builders favor laminate commercial doors for their versatility and ease of care. Laminate doors are covered in a composite material affixed to the core, providing a layer of protection that painted or stained doors lack. Wood doors can be made with either high- pressure decorative laminate (HDPL) or low pressure laminate (LPDL), which share many characteristics in common but also exhibit some key differences. Learning about HPDL vs. LPDL can help you choose the right type of laminate door for your next project.

What HPDL and LPDL Doors Have in Common

Laminate-covered wood doors resist scratching, but they fare best when they’re factory finished. Laminating commercial doors in the field can produce inconsistent results, more prone to chipping and peeling. The laminate itself is highly customizable, since it can be made in a wide range of colors and can even be printed with unique designs and logos. This versatility allows you to bring a designer touch to any opening, matching client brand standards or surrounding décor and furniture.

Both types of laminate are fire retardant and antibacterial. They work well in projects where cleanliness is paramount, such as education and healthcare projects.

So, what is the difference between high and low pressure laminates? It comes down to the manufacturing process.

Characteristics of High-Pressure Laminate Doors

montana walnut high pressure laminate door

To make high pressure laminate doors, multiple layers of kraft paper are saturated with resin. A layer of printed décor paper is placed on top of the kraft paper, with a layer of resin on top of that. This layer is where any color or design can be printed. The core of the HPDL door might be made of particle board, composite, or mineral. It may also be fire rated or STC rated.

Then, to attach the laminate to the substrate, a machine exerts 70 to 100 bars of pressure, at a temperature of 280 to 300 degrees Fahrenheit, sometimes referred to as hot press. Alternatively, laminating can be done at room temperature, referred to as cold press. With either technique, the result is a strong bond and one of the most durable decorative surface materials.In addition to commercial doors, such as the Aspiro Choice Laminate, high pressure laminates are often used for vanities, countertops, and tables, as they hold up well for both vertical and horizontal surfaces. If you are seeking to match interior doors to other features in a hotel room, for example, you should be able to do so.

Characteristics of Low-Pressure Laminate Doors

Manufacturing low pressure laminate doors uses lower pressure and higher temperatures. The laminate is pressed to the cores using heat presses, with or without an adhesive, to ensure a consistent bond. While still highly customizable, the LPL technique results in less durability than HPL. The process is less intensive, however, making for faster turn-around and lower cost.

Low pressure laminate wood doors are ideal for lower traffic areas and more budget conscious projects. They can be made to match HPL doors so that the two types complement each other when used in the same project.

Masonite Architectural Low-Pressure Decorative Laminate (LPDL)

oak low pressure laminate door

Masonite Architectural has introduced a new line of low pressure decorative laminate (LPDL) doors. This LPDL product line enables an architect to maintain the design intent of a building space while maximizing the project budget.

Masonite Architectural LPDL doors are available in the Cendura™ series with various finish options, including ten different wood-look options, to fulfill your specific project needs.

LPDL doors are constructed with a quality face material thermally fused to the core material, creating a strong monolithic unit that will not separate. Due to their style, composition and short lead-time, LPDL doors are ideal for short-tenant offices, satellite medical clinics and midscale hotels. Consider them for low-traffic areas with minimum performance requirements such as closets, private bathrooms, low-usage offices, and adjoining room openings.

Since low and high pressure laminate doors often appear within the same space, you can easily coordinate the two types to match. LPDL doors also seamlessly coordinate with other decorative laminate surfaces like desks, paneling and furniture.

Where to Specify Stile & Rail Doors in a School

When specifying doors for a school or education facility, your first thoughts likely relate to safety and durability. While both factors are crucial to a successful education project, don’t overlook the chance to make choices based on aesthetics, too. Performance factors for school doors need not limit your creative vision or refined taste. Stile and rail doors combine both form and function, and make a statement in key areas of a school.

Read on for some inspiration about where to specify stile and rail doors in a school or education facility.

5 Places Where Stile and Rail Doors Can Make a Statement

Public schools often work from publicly approved budgets with little room for leeway, but private schools sometimes offer more opportunity for high-end features. Higher education buildings also tend to offer more allowance for some luxury touches.Regardless of the type of institution where your architectural school doors will be installed, think about spaces used primarily by adults. Spaces where meetings might be held with potential donors, for example, call for a more dignified appearance. Try specifying stile and rail doors for the following spaces:

Masonite Architectural stile and rail doors at university entrance.

1. Executive offices

When executives invite anyone—a parent, a donor, a colleague from another institution—into their office, the doors make a strong first impression. Embellish with sidelites, archtops, metal inlays, or other features to make these particular doors unique.

2. Conference rooms

As a location where school officials may host guests, in addition to conducting their own day-to-day business, conference rooms require a certain sophistication. A wood stile and rail door can welcome everyone to the start of a great meeting. Use double doors for a more stately look and to ease traffic flow.

3. Libraries

Ideally, the demeanor in a library is more studious and less rowdy than, say, a gymnasium. A library may pull double-duty as a space for receptions, book signings, and lectures, too. These are occasions where guests from outside the school community may visit, and school officials will want to put their best foot forward.

4. Arts venues

If a school is fortunate enough to have a theatre or art gallery, they will want it to look its best. Architectural doors leading into these spaces and connecting them with offices or corridors should look the part. A neutral paint color or custom stain can allow a wood door here to look elegant without stealing the show from the artwork.

5. Dormitories

For boarding schools, dormitory areas may play a role in the design. While doors to individual rooms and corridors need to stand up to heavy use and reduce sound transfer, you may want one or two high-end doors in central areas. These can make a strong impression for tours and parent visits.

Stile and Rail Doors Also Offer Performance Features

Stile and rail wood doors do more than look great. With their superior craftsmanship, they can last a long time. You can also find them with performance features like fire ratings, and STC ratings for acoustics. Combine your ideal colors, veneers, wood species and additional features to perfectly complement the rest of your education design project.

Even if you specify only a few stylish stile and rail doors for a given project, you can rest assured that Masonite can supply all of the different types of architectural wood doors you might need. After all, going to fewer suppliers for materials can reduce friction and costs. Remember Masonite Architectural for your next education project, and source all of your wood doors from one manufacturer you can trust.

How Wood Cuts Influence the Look of a Door

When specifying architectural wood doors, the options for customization are almost endless. Different wood cuts, for example, can change the look and style of a door. By adjusting the cut, along with the veneer species and stain, and other choices, you can tailor wood doors to meet a unique look and feel for a project. Review the different wood cut options to understand what will work best to create the look you want in your next project.

Wood Cuts for Interior Wood Doors

Wood makes a beautiful building material because it comes from a living thing, each tree a unique individual. It’s also incredibly versatile, able to be crafted into a work of art or a practical object—or a combination of both, as with an architectural door.

Skilled woodworking involves understanding the natural tendency of a particular species while applying a creative vision for how it can look.

The method for cutting wood determines the grain pattern and consistency in the final product.

Rotary cut veneer for broad pattern door.

Types of Wood Cuts for Architectural Doors

For most species, you can specify plain or flat sliced, rotary cut, or quarter cut. When you specify red or white oak veneers, rift cut and comb grain cuts are become options. Choose the cut for your wood veneer doors that best suits your overall design style and budget.

Rotary Cut

In a rotary cut, the blade spirals inward through the surface of the tree, producing wide sheets of wood that “unroll” from the log. This method produces the least waste, making it environmentally friendly and economical. Wood resulting from a rotary cut displays broad patterns and wide leaves. Its random, non-repetitive grain pattern makes it difficult to match but entirely unique.

Plain Sliced or Flat Cut

Another highly affordable cut for commercial doors, plain slicing produces straighter grains and a more uniform look. Plain sliced veneer may also be called flat cut and it’s the most popular cutting method that our clients request. Each piece of wood yields more slices when cutting straight across than with some, more complicated cuts. Flat cut wood may display a cathedral pattern, comprising rows of arch-shaped markings that run the length of the wood.

Quarter Cut

To create quarter cut wood veneers, a log is first cut into quarters. Then layers are cut from each quarter. Quarter cut veneer produces a tight vertical grain, which tends to produce a uniform look that many clients like. It eliminates arches or cathedral looks that can occur with plain sliced veneer. When cut with this method, oak species tend to show a “flake effect,” or shiny appearance.

Rift Cut

With its open grain texture, red or white oak holds stain well, although the grains of white oak tend to be longer. It also contains medullary rays, a natural occurrence of vein-like structures radiating across the tree’s rings. These structures cause the “flake effect,” giving the wood a reflective look. It will be especially visible if an oak wood veneer door is in a location where it gets direct sunlight.

A rift cut, made at 15 degrees to the radial, reduces the “flake effect” that a quarter cut produces in oak. This angle accentuates the vertical grain. The difference is subtle, and oak can also be cut in a combination of rift and quarter cuts.

Library seen through glass of interior wooden door.

Comb Grain

Like the rift cut, its variation called a comb grain, is also available only in oak. The comb grain is the portion of rift cut slices with the tightest and straightest grain, giving the appearance of an almost solid color. Because this wood cutting method yields a small amount of product, costs are high compared with other cuts.

Barber Pole Effect

Another wood veneer option you might encounter is the “barber pole effect.” To create this effect, the manufacturer alternates the veneer leaves between the inner and outer side of the grain. A stain accentuates the difference between the two. The barber pole effect creates a striking look that is not to everyone’s taste. It has less to do with the cut itself and more to do with how the pieces are assembled.

The Effects of Flitch Type on Wood Cuts

A term you might encounter when exploring wood cuts is flitch. Because logs are cylindrical and veneers are flat, a log must be shaped before it can be cut for veneers. The flitch is the section of the log cut away to expose the surface from which the veneer will be sliced. The flitch size varies, but the cutting method will determine the minimum width. A smaller flitch leaves more of the log to slice into veneer.

Wood Cuts from Heartwood vs. Sapwood

A tree grows from the inside out, and the wood nearest the center is called the heartwood. Heartwood is darker in color than the wood surrounding it, the sapwood.

Depending on the wood cut, a particular veneer may include wood from both the heartwood and sapwood of the same log, resulting in color variation. If you want to stick with only the heartwood, you can specify this as “red,” or for only sapwood, specify “white.”

Factory Staining Commercial Wood Doors

Factory-applied stain allows you to fine-tune your color results while adding a layer of protection to a wood door. Factory application helps ensure color consistency across a project. However, it’s wise to understand how the cut of the veneer wood affects stain results. For example, flat cut or plain sliced wood tends not to receive stain as well as other cuts. While Masonite Architectural offers 13 designer stain finishes, each finish produces different results according to wood species and cut, so talk with a distributor to determine the needs for your project.

Whatever you can envision for architectural doors, Masonite Architectural can help you formulate the right match. With a wide range of wood door styles, veneers, paint and stain, and additional customizations, you will discover the perfect look for an office, hotel, restaurant, or any other incredible new space.